Lesson 1: Introduction to lesson plans.

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The format of the lesson plans is based on a template used in the DHET’s Lecturer Support System (LSS). The lesson plan template is not a checklist. It is a detailed lesson that you can teach. Please read the whole lesson plan before you teach.

 There is a small amount of preparation to be done, such as photocopying Worksheets for students and sometimes cutting out scenarios for group work.

Follow the step by step guide.

The first page of the lesson plan contains the following information:

  • Topic
  • Subject Outcome
  • Learning Outcome
  • Lesson Topic and Aim
  • The suggested activities to do in the Computer class are given. These link with the lesson.
  • The resources needed and what you must prepare are all listed for your convenience.
  • The preparation that you must do before you deliver the lesson in the classroom. This may involve photocopying and making cut outs.
  • It also tells you what resources you need.

Get students used to the flow of your lessons by following the same sequence in every lesson. In every lesson there will always be:

  • An ice-breaker that links with the topic at the start of the lesson.
  • A brief question session to check prior knowledge and briefly explain key concepts based on the questioning method. Questions and answers are provided.
  • A quote based on African Wisdom for students to analyse and comment on.
  • A group activity and/or skills practice activity. A student Worksheet for students to complete or use for information.
  • A brief reflection at the end of the lesson.

The Resources

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The lessons are structured to give you the least amount of preparation. We know how busy you are and that you teach many classes a day!

Check the preparation box, because in some lessons you will require additional resources e.g. crayons. The most important action is to photocopy the Worksheets and where indicated, photocopy and cut out group topics and scenarios in the Lecturer’s Help. This you should do before and not during the lesson.

  • Please staple the pages of the Worksheets where there is more than one page.
  • To save paper, print back-to-back.
  • Make sure you have enough Worksheets for each student.
  • If you need permission from the Head of Department (HoD) to make copies, do so well in advance.
  • Please take care when photocopying. Do not reduce the size and ensure that you have a good quality print.

 Please do your photocopying well in advance. Unforeseen circumstances may lead to no power for the copier, a long queue waiting to use the copier, a paper jam or broken copier. Do your copying at least a week before the lesson.

Please photocopy and Cut Out the scenarios and group discussion topics. There are usually enough scenarios and topics for each group to get a different scenario.

Other resources

 For some lessons, you may also need:

  • Playing cards
  • A soft ball
  • Crayons
  • Wool or string
  • Coloured stickers for getting students into groups
  • Clean junk e.g. recyclables such as empty toilet paper rolls, plastic bottles, tins, leaves, stones, cardboard boxes, plastic bags.
  • Magazines and newspapers
  • Scissors and glue

Some lessons suggest you play music

Use a CD player, the computer or your cell phone to play music. Use peaceful music as this is useful as students draw or fill in worksheets when they work alone. Play this quietly in the background.

Examples of peaceful music are Lira e.g. Feel good, Pops Mohammed e.g. Healing sounds from Mother Africa, Abdullah Ibrahim, Freshly Ground e.g. Nomvula, Dooby-Doo, Loliwe e.g. Zahara, Hosanna e.g. The brother moves on, Simphiwe Dana, Blues or classical music such as Mozart violin concertos.

Energetic fast music is useful when you are doing an energiser or an active ice-breaker. Use for example Show Dem (Make the Circle Bigger) JR feat Hip-Hop Pantsula, Yvonne Chaka Chaka, Brenda Fassie, Miriam Makeba, Manu World Star, Sibu Nzuza, Dee Koala, Hopemastas, Espiquet, Touchline, Black Coffee.


Ask students to suggest (and bring) music they like. Ask them to categorise it into peaceful background music that makes one dream and think, and active fast music that makes one want to tap their feet and move. Keep a collection for when needed.

NB: Point out that you will not allow music that dehumanises women, promotes violence on women or promotes drug use and any other wayward behaviour.


Flipcharts are often used. If you don’t have flipcharts, use normal A4 paper by pasting a few sheets together.