Lesson 2: Contents of the lesson summary.

1.1 Ice-breaker: Share strong skills (5 min)

1.2 Introduction and checking on prior knowledge – asking questions (5 min)

1.3 African Wisdom (5 min)

2. Individual work (10 minutes)

3. Skills practice (30 min)

4. Reflection, consolidation and ending (5 Minutes)

Lesson summary (Please read the rest of the lesson plan for the details)

The icebreaker is very important. It is always linked to the topic and teaches more about the topic. Always do the icebreaker. If you are short of time, you may shorten each activity but never neglect to do it.

Some lecturers think that an icebreaker is just a game and is unnecessary. “We are not here to play games” they say. This is not true. When the students are having fun, they learn so much more than being talked at in a boring lecture-style. You will notice that the icebreakers contain a great deal of learning and are essential for the success of the lesson.

Please avoid saying after the ice-breaker “Now we will start with the lesson”. The Ice- breaker is already the start of the lesson. This component helps to get students interested in the lesson. It also motivates them to come to class on time as they know the start of the lesson will be exciting.

  • Asking questions

One way of knowing what students already know is to ask them questions. So instead of giving them the information rather ask them questions. Answers are provided in Lecturer’s Help. Use this help to add if students don’t know the answers or miss some vital points. Keep this part of the lesson very short. Please avoid using it to tell, inform, lecture, preach and talk all the time!

  • African Wisdom

We have paid homage to our wise African cultures and thus included African Wisdom in every lesson. Encourage students to add other quotes they know linked to the topic. There is more than one correct interpretation, which is part of the beauty and power of African proverbs. Allow them to give their understanding and encourage them. You may want to use innovative ways to deal with the African wisdom section. For example, give each group a quote to analyse if there are a few of them.

  • Group activity

Please ensure your classroom is set up for group work. None of these lessons can be delivered where you as the lecturer talks and students listen for most of the lesson. Students need to:

  • discuss in their groups
  • prepare role-plays
  • find solutions to problems
  • brainstorm ideas
  • note ideas on the flipchart
  • present and summarise ideas
  • decide which points to present

All of this adds to their repertoire of Life Skills. They learn a great deal in their groups and are also able to practice listening, speaking, teamwork and leadership skills. This helps to prepare them for the workplace. Some lecturers think that to save time they don’t have to do group work. This is not good practice. Group work in fact is a time saver. This is where students learn the most. Any lecturer who deprives students of group work opportunities has to seriously reflect on how sincere they are about educating students to achieve their potential.

 Use a different interactive way to get students into group in every lesson. This serves as an energiser at the same time!

Students need an opportunity to try out the new skills they are learning in a safe space. They role play, analyse scenarios, suggest solutions and learn how to apply the skills. They make, draw, build and create. They think and do. They try and try again.

  • Reflection

 Students have to reflect on the lesson and how they would apply it in their daily lives. They answer questions and share the answers in pairs or with the class. They make notes on their worksheets or answer questions in their worksheets. They are reminded of the main aims of the lesson.

 Use the Reflection space to ask students in what way they now have a deeper understanding of the African Wisdom. After each African Wisdom quote, a bulleted note is made to point out its relevance to the topic. If you are unsure what the quotes mean, this will help guide you.

They are reminded about the African Wisdom again and see if they have a deeper understanding. This is also the space where you remind students what to do or bring with, in the next lesson, where applicable.


On your own, review the example step-by-step lesson plans below.