Lesson 7: Using Visual Aids

You are encouraged to use visual aids. These are methods and materials used to visually display the information being presented or discussed. Some of the materials and equipment used as visual aids are: chalk boards, white boards, Smart boards, flipchart paper, handouts and flash cards.

The advantage of using visual aids when presenting a lesson, is that they help the students who learn best by seeing things. The visual learners understand the concepts or information better. If you use a visual aid when explaining an idea, you are presenting the idea both visually and verbally, two of the most preferred styles of learning.

Helpful hints for creating and using different visual aids

Visual aids using flipchart paper, chalk or white boards

Print or write the words using large letters. Many students find it hard to see words that are printed using small letters. Include simple graphics or pictures to make the visual aid more engaging and help the readers understand what is being communicated on the flipchart or board.

Use a variety of different coloured chalk or markers if available as they can make the visual aid easier to read and more appealing. Avoid using light coloured chalk or markers that could be hard to see. Light green, red, orange and yellow ink does not work well for written texts on charts or boards. Red text on a green background is not useful. For more on which colours to use and not use, see: https://www.artskills.com/Poster-Help/ The-Color-Wheel.aspx

Don’t fill every part of the flipchart paper or board with words or pictures. Leave lots of blank spaces. It is easier to read a flipchart or board when it is not crowded with words. You are encouraged to write the main lesson ideas and topics only on the board or flipchart. This helps to emphasise important points.


Use handouts to give information to the students or as a worksheet for an assignment. Make sure to photocopy an adequate number of handouts for your class prior to the start of a lesson. Do photocopying with great care. Ensure the print is clear, aligned so pages are not skew and do not reduce the font size. Always photocopy back to back. Ensure that you avoid photocopying portrait in landscape orientation. When using a handout as a worksheet, allow those students who have limited writing skills to draw a picture or illustration instead of writing words in their responses.

Flash Cards

Flash cards are small, prepared cards or pieces of paper containing information used in a lesson. They can be distributed to the students when needed for an activity and collected when they have finished using them. The information contained on flash cards needs to be clearly printed. Illustrations added to the flash cards can give readers a hint as to the information contained in the printed words. Use a variety of colours on flash cards. For example, you can give each small group a different colour flash card.

 PowerPoint (PPT)

In this series of lessons, you are encouraged to limit the use of PPT because the students need to be actively engaged, instead of passively listening and looking at information. However, if you prefer, you can make a PPT of the African Wisdom and the questions you will be asking. Please try to have NO more than three slides per lesson.